Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

MLA 9th Edition Style Guide: Home

This guide will assist you in formatting in-text citations and a Works Cited list in the current MLA style.

Introduction

MLA (Modern Language Association) Handbook is a style manual that includes the guidelines for formatting your research paper, citing your sources in the text of your paper (paraphrasing or quoting), and constructing your works cited list based on your in-text citations.

Remember to always: (1) consult the MLA Handbook, Appendix 2 for many more authoritative examples of Works Cites list entries and in-text citations; and (2) follow any specific guidelines from your professor.

Please note that many of the citation examples in this LibGuide are taken from the MLA Handbook, 9th ed. (2021), while other examples are created for explanatory purposes only.

MLA Handbook Online

Book Contents

Formatting Your Research Project (Chap. 1)

Mechanics of Prose (Chap. 2)

Principles of Inclusive Language (Chap. 3)

Documenting Sources: An Overview (Chap. 4)

The List of Works Cited (Chap. 5)

Citing Sources in the Text (Chap. 6)

Notes (Chap. 7)

Appendix 1: Abbreviations

Appendix 2: Works-Cited-List Entries by Publication Format

MLA Handbook (9th ed.)

Who uses or requires MLA Style?

Disciplines/Fields/Research Areas

Cultural Studies

English

Humanities

Languages

Liberal Arts

Literature

Music

Philosophy

Religion

Theater

Art History

Visual Arts

Core Elements

Core Elements

Works cited list entries are created using a template of core elements - standard criteria or information that is common to most sources or works (for example, author, title, publication date) which helps you cite any type of source or work. MLA 9th edition has 11 core elements to complete any works cited entry. If an element is absent or not relevant to your source or work, you can omit that element.

When you create a citation in MLA style, you should list each relevant element in the order below with the punctuation shown.

Author.

Title of source.

Supplemental Element.

Title of container,

Contributor,

Version,

Number,

Publisher,

Publication date,

Location.

Supplemental Element.

MLA Core Elements Template

Librarian

Profile Photo
Grisell Rodriguez
She, Her, Hers
Contact:
U of Puerto Rico - Mayaguez - Library - GRIC (Graduate Research and Innovation Center)
Call Box 9000
Mayaguez, PR 00681-9000
787-832-4040, x6284
Skype Contact: grisrodrig

Tweets from MLA Style Center

Ask a Librarian!