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Theses, Dissertations, and Project Reports (TDP): Citation

The Importance of Citation

Citations are a fundamental element of academic writing. Given that your TDP constitutes a contribution to the ongoing scholarly conversations of your field, you must make reference to concepts and ideas presented in previous studies. Your work must be grounded on the existing body of literature.

By citing your sources, you recognize the labor of previous scholars whose ideas informed your work. Including relevant citations also adds credibility to your work, and it shows you have researched the literature published on your topic. 

It is important to point out that citation formats differ between disciplines. Make sure you are familiar with the citation formats that apply to your TDP.

In this section, we present resources that will help you with citations in your TDP. We have included information about what citation formats are used in different disciplines.

Citation Management Software

Citation management programs allow you to store all of your sources in one place. They also let you organize your sources in folders and subfolders according to your preference. In addition to this, citation managers are compatible with programs such as Word, Docs, and Overleaf. This makes it easier for you to insert your citations and your bibliography in your document.

Two commonly used citation management programs are Mendeley and Zotero. Both are very user-friendly and have functions that facilitate collaborative work. Our librarians have created online guides for these tools. You can access these guides using the links below:

Formats by Faculty

Here, you can look up the format and citation styles used in different disciplines. Select the tab that corresponds to your college, and then search for your academic program in the list. Next to the name of your program, you will see the name of the format and citation style that is used.

Remember to consult with your advisor so you are aware of what formatting rules you must follow before you begin working on your TDP.

College of Business Administration 

The College of Business Administration uses APA.

Programs in Business Administration 
  • Business Administration (General Programl)

  • Finances

  • Industrial Management

  • Organizational Studies - Human Resources


College of Arts and Sciences

Some of the formatting styles used in this college are CSEACS, APA, MLA and Chicago.

Arts Programs
  • English Education - MLA and APA

  • Hispanic Studies - MLA and APA  

  • Kinesiology - APA

Science Programs 
  • Applied Chemistry - ACS

  • Applied Mathematics

  • Biology - CSE

  • Chemistry - ACS

  • General Physics

  • Geology

  • Marine Sciences

  • Pure Mathematics

  • School Psychology

  • Science in Scientific Computing

  • Statistical Mathematics

College of Agricultural Sciences

The formatting styles used in this college are ACS and APA.

Programs in Agricultural Sciences
  • Agricultural Economics

  • Agricultural Education 

  • Agricultural Extension

  • Agronomy 

  • Animal Science

  • Crop Protection

  • Food Science and Technology

  • Horticulture

  • Soil Sciences


College of Engineering 

Formatting styles used in this college include IEEEBMES, ChicagoACS, and APA.

Engineering Programs 
  • Bioengineering - BMES

  • Chemical Engineering - ACS

  • Civil Engineering

  • Computer Engineering

  • Computer Science and Engineering

  • Electrical Engineering

  • Industrial Engineering - APA

  • Materials Science and Engineering

  • Mechanical Engineering


Style Manuals and Author Guides

Here you will find resources that will help you format your TDP according to the rules applicable to works in your discipline. Click on the tab that corresponds to the formatting style used in your academic program.

Resources for the formatting and citation style of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

IEEE Author Center

IEEE Editorial Style Manual (This link also allows you to access the IEEE Mathematics Guide and the IEEE Reference Guide)

Resources for the formatting and citation style of the American Chemical Society (ACS)

The ACS Style Guide - QD8.5 .A25 2006 (Available at the GRIC and in the "Referencia Rápida" [Ready Reference] section at the General Library)

ACS Guide to Scholarly Communication

Resources for the formatting and citation style of the American Psychological Association (APA)

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association - BF76.7 .P83 2020 (Available at the GRIC and CEDIBI)

APA Style Website

APA 7: Guía de Manual de Estilo de la American Psychological Association 

Resources for the formatting and citation style of the Modern Language Association (MLA)

MLA Handbook - LB2369 .G53 2016 (Available at the GRIC and in the Ready Reference section of the General Library)

The MLA Style Center

Resources for formatting and citation in Chicago Style

The Chicago Manual of Style - Z253 .U69 2017 (Available at the GRIC)

The Chicago Manual of Style Online

Resources for the formatting and citation style of the Council of Science Editors (CSE)

Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers - T11 .S386 2006 (Available at the GRIC and in the Circulation Collection of the General Library)

Resources for the formatting and citation style of the Biomedical Engineering Society (BMES)

Biomedical Engineering Society Guidelines